This project focuses on providing data for medical and health system preparedness to reduce morbidity and mortality from limited nuclear and radiologic device incidents. Crises such as nuclear or radiological incidents can result in high number of casualties. Emergency medical staff often lack the necessary knowledge on how to effectively respond to these incidents. Additionally, they demonstrate reluctance to respond to these types of incidents, much more than for other potentially hazardous incidents such as epidemics. Such reluctance of the medical personnel tasked with the initial response is likely to have severe implications hampering any effective response. Despite similar risks the emergency response communities in western countries have developed different approaches to radiological preparedness of the health sector in general and specifically of emergency responders in the pre-hospital and hospital settings. Studies have identified deficiencies in multiple preparedness areas including the understanding of relative risk, identifying medical needs, and relevant necessary education and training. The project’s goal is to identify the most effective methods to improve preparedness of the healthcare sector in general and designated hospitals.